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Economic factors are the major factors that influence migration, including the hope of finding better jobs and better life in the foreign countries, and these factors should be addressed in the effort to reduce migration. In addition, political …

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Land Special Issue : Economic, Social and Demographic

The dependent variable, Economic Resilience, was measured by the Regional Development Index, combining the indicators of demographic ageing, net migration, income per capita and registered unemployment rate. Potential accessibility and horizontal geographical location were the key predictors of regional economic resilience. Districts with

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Conceptual Framework to Integrate Economic Drivers of

where ET (economic threshold) is the cost limit for adopting an increasing yield technology (USD ha −1); Y, is yield (t ha −1); d %, is the expected change on yield (%); and P, is the market price of the product (USD t −1). The effect on the production cost was estimated through sensitivity analyses of input variables such as diesel

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Land Free Full-Text Economic Spatial Structure in

Economic spatial structure has always been a hot research topic. The classic location theory of von Thünen and Weber, the growth pole theory, the trickle-down theory, the spatial interaction theory, and the “core–periphery” theory proposed by the middle of the 20th century all explore the spatial structure from the perspective of inter-regional interaction [1,2,3].

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Economies Special Issue : FDI (Foreign Direct Investment

Stagnant economic growth, decreasing investment and high unemployment remain consistent macroeconomic challenges for South Africa. Gross Capital formation (GCF) is designed to improve employment and economic growth (GDP). This study investigates the causality effects of the three variables using time series data from 1980 to 2018 in a Vector

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The Role of Tourism in Economic Growth: Empirical …

Tourism is vital to the success of many economies worldwide and has been a widely researched area for many years. Unfortunately, an insufficient number of studies have been conducted on this subject in the context of Saudi Arabia. Therefore, this research investigates the role of tourism in promoting economic growth in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia …

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The Impact of Serious Games in Economic and Business

Digitalisation nowadays impacts business environments significantly. Therefore, if higher education wants to educate students properly for a successful career path, the business and economics curriculum must be enriched with innovative teaching approaches covering actual topics, such as, for example, the implementation of the ERPsim business simulation, a …

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A Machine Learning Approach to Forecast Economic

In economic activity, recessions represent a period of failure in Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and usually are presented as episodic and non-linear. For this reason, they are difficult to predict and appear as one of the main problems in macroeconomics forecasts. A classic example turns out to be the great recession that occurred between 2008 and 2009 that was not predicted.

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IJERPH Free Full-Text Teleworking—An Economic

The health crisis generated by the COVID-19 pandemic has induced, among other things, an increase in the importance of remote work or teleworking (TL) in the current period. The objective of this research is to identify the economic and social impact of telework in changing the behavior of employees in Romania. The research was conducted approximately one year after …

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Sustainability Free Full-Text Economic Growth and

The relationship between economic growth and environmental pollution has long been a controversial topic. However, simply the detection of the existence of environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) is not enough to understand how economic growth induced environmental pollution. This study investigated the path and mechanism of the effect of economic growth on the …

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Digital Innovations in MSMEs during Economic Disruptions

The spike in COVID-19 cases all over the world poses a massive impact on various sectors of society. The global economy is no exception, for it has been severely affected by the unprecedented public health crisis leading businesspeople to shutdown commercial establishments and dramatically shifting businesses into digital platforms. Immense challenges …

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Land Free Full-Text Economic Spatial Structure in

This study analyzes the structure of China’s overall railway transport network and its sub-networks of conventional railway and high-speed railway, with the aim to understand the country’s economic spatial structure that is reflected by or underlines the railway transport network. First, the results indicate that compared with developed cities, backward cities not …

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Economies Free Full-Text Consequences of Industry 4.0

6. Conclusions. The current phenomenon of Industry 4.0 with respect to research studies focusing on business and economy culminated around the year 2015. The studies described the impacts of Industry 4.0 on the labor market, education, changes …

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JRFM Free Full-Text The Impact of Economic Freedom on

This paper analyzes the impact of economic freedom along with traditional economic factors on economic growth for a panel of European countries. The growth of the gross domestic product was observed over a twenty-year time period on a sample of 43 developing and developed countries. Based on a robust dynamic panel setting, we conclude that increases in economic

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Economic and Business Aspects of Sustainability

Economic and Business Aspects of Sustainability” is the most populated section of the journal and also the oldest. Our papers address new empirical findings that are of interest to a broader audience, theoretical analyses explaining new phenomena or puzzles, or the development of theoretical or empirical methods likely to be useful for further research—all within the effects of

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Public Spending, Income Inequality and Economic Growth in

This paper offers an empirical examination of the relationship between government spending’s, income inequality, and economic growth by using the case of 19 Asian countries from 2002 to 2017. For this purpose, the paper uses robust difference-GMM estimation and panel granger causality test. We found that gross domestic investment and regulatory quality are the main …

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IJERPH Free Full-Text Economic Stress at Work: Its

Economic stress has been recognized as a major threat to the well-being and performance of workers, especially during times of global economic crisis. An interesting and relatively unexplored research topic concerns the associations between economic stress and employee job outcomes such as innovative behaviors, indispensable for business survival.

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Social Sciences Free Full-Text Economic, Social

Smart Factory is a complex system that integrates the main elements of the Industry 4.0 concept (e.g., autonomous robots, Internet of Things, and Big data). In Smart Factories intelligent robots, tools, and smart workpieces communicate and collaborate with each other continuously, which results in self-organizing and self-optimizing production. The …

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Sustainability Assessment Using Economic Value Added

EVA (Economic Value Added) is an indicator for measuring performance based on real economic profits of the company product, which allows measurement of its success or failure over a period of time and is useful to investors who wish to determine how well the product has value to them and can be used for comparative analysis with rapid

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Water Free Full-Text Water Economics: An In-Depth

An analysis of the following aspects of water economics was undertaken: Water as an Economic and Social Good, Modes of Government Intervention, Water Scarcity in Economic Theory and Agricultural Water Management Changes, with the support of over 300 sources. Emphasis was placed on the connection with primary aspects of economics, in contrast to the …

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How Gender Is Recognised in Economic and Education Policy

Many African states are involved in the frontline discourse on the fight for gender equality through the adoption of public policies, aiming to improve the lives of women through social, economic, and political development. In Nigeria, despite the adoption of Article 42 of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria 1999 adapted from the United Nations …

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Sustainability Free Full-Text Inclusive Economic

In view of the 2020 global health crisis and its repercussions on the global economy, the need to redirect conventional economic thinking towards securing global economic sustainability is most critical. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are a significant move in this direction. However, in the past few years, a clearer understanding of inclusive economics and …

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IJERPH Free Full-Text Health and Economic Burden of

Wildland fires release substantial amounts of hazardous contaminants, contributing to a decline in air quality and leading to serious health risks. Thus, this study aimed to understand the contributions of the 2017 extreme wildland fires in Portugal on children health, compared to 2016 (with burned area, in accordance with the average of the previous 15 …

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Sustainability Free Full-Text Circular Economy

According to Kirchherr et al., “… a circular economy describes an economic system that is based on business models, which replaces the “end-of-life” concept with reducing, alternatively reusing, recycling and recovering materials in production/distribution and consumption processes, thus operating at the micro level (products, companies

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Sustainability Free Full-Text The Ecosystem Services

The economic concept and its analysing use at the intersection of green infrastructure and ecosystem services were explored with VOSviewer using the Scopus® database. Furthermore, the number of documents, which initially began with around 39,719 studies, was reduced by filtering through systematic reviews, to only three documents that met …

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Agronomy Free Full-Text Protected Cultivation of

In economic analysis, the project analysis tools were used to assess the feasibility of the protected cultivation. The study clearly demonstrated that the cultivation of vegetables and flowers under protected cultivation is a highly profitable enterprise. However, the findings of the study indicated that the subsidy scheme needs to be continued

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The Effect of Rainfall on Economic Growth in Thailand: A

Rainfall is related to economic growth and generally has beneficial impacts on dry and poor areas that are mostly dependent on rainfed agriculture. Thailand is a service-based, upper middle-income country with a tropical climate although rainfall varies regionally. The volume of precipitation in the northern and northeastern regions is rather low while the southern region …

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Religions Free Full-Text Growing Economic Inequality

Growing economic inequality fosters inequality in the political processes of American democracy. Since the 1970’s inequalities in earnings and wealth have increased dramatically in the United States creating a higher level of inequality in disposable income than in other developed democracies. The United States also lags behind other rich nations in the way it provides for …

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Energies Special Issue : Energy Management: Economic

Secondly, the economic and ecological efficiency of electricity production technology for the selected company was estimated. The results of the analysis confirm that new technologies allowed increasing the energy efficiency of the company by decreasing energy consumption, increasing productivity, etc.

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IJERPH Free Full-Text Entrepreneurial, Economic, and

Background: Entrepreneurship education has demonstrated positive impacts in low-resource contexts. However, there is limited evidence of such programs evaluated among Native American (NA) youth in a rural reservation. Methods: A 2:1 randomized controlled trial evaluated the impact of the Arrowhead Business Group (ABG) entrepreneurship education …

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JMSE Free Full-Text Techno-Economic Assessment of

The technical and economic assessments for emerging renewable energy technologies, specifically offshore wind energy, is critical for their improvement and deployment. These assessments serve as one of the main bases for the construction of offshore wind farms, which would be beneficial to the countries gearing toward a sustainable future such as the …

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Water Free Full-Text Coevolution of Economic and

The joint development of continental and marine economies has become an important driving force for the upgrading of industrial structures. However, because of the differences in resource endowment and development potential, developing industrial structures and the quality of economic development are uneven among regions. In this study, the added …

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The Relationship between Economic Growth and Air Pollution

This paper analyzes the interaction between regional economic growth and air pollution in China and Korea. The relationship between gross regional product per capita and industrial emission of sulfur dioxide emission is examined at the regional level using simultaneous equation models covering 286 cities in China and 228 cities and counties in South Korea of …

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Sustainability Free Full-Text Economic Fluctuation

Countercyclical fiscal regulation can mitigate economic risk, but this is bound to increase the scale of local government debt during an economic downturn, and then spread risk to the banking sector, forming potential financial instability factors. We extracted the three most important variables in this process: economic fluctuation, local debt risk and bank risk-taking …

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Infrastructure Investment and Regional Economic Growth

To better understand the impacts of infrastructure investment on economic growth and, we used Cobb-Douglas production function model to develop the stock of public infrastructure capital into the economic growth model. It applies spatial panel data model effect analysis to statistical data of the Yangtze River Economic Zone with 131 cities from 2003 to …

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The Relationships among Social, Environmental, Economic

This paper explores relationships among CSR practices in the social, economic and environmental dimensions and digitization in the Polish energy companies. The study used the CATI method, and the data obtained from 110 companies was analyzed using a set of methods starting with correlation analysis, through regression analysis, including backward …

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Sustainability Free Full-Text The Impacts of

The effects of the international crisis brought economic and financial risks, as well as consequences for human, social and sustainable development. This study aims to analyse the effects of social intervention with families since the 2008 crisis in Portugal. Through a qualitative approach, we conducted semi-structured interviews with social workers (23), to identify the …

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Special Issue "Environmental, Health and Economic

The economic burden of ILI consisted of direct (medical or non-medical) and indirect burdens, and a two-part model was adopted to predict the influencing factors of total economic burden. Results: There were 45.73% children, 16.77% chronic disease patients, and 12.70% elderly people reporting ILI, and most participants chose outpatient service

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Disability in Older People and Socio-Economic Deprivation

The sustainability of European Long-Term Care systems faces the demographic and socio-economic circumstances, mainly the increasing ageing of the population, with its chronic disease conditions, and the simultaneous economic general crises, exacerbated by the recent COVID-19 pandemic. Beyond the increase in general rate of relative poverty, there is a …

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Sustainability Free Full-Text Economic, Social, and

The use of an input-output model has allowed estimating the economic, social, and environmental impact from Spanish fisheries. Based on the simulation, it has been shown the economic impact in terms of production and employment and environmental impact in terms of CO2 emissions throughout the period of ten years.

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Coatings Free Full-Text Energy, Economic and

Figure 17 describes the economic indicator No. 1—time period of higher economic efficiency of the thermal barrier with a thermal insulation thickness of 100 mm compared to the standard construction of the facade (210 mm TI) depending on energy prices and the use of RES. the graph in Figure 17 shows that for a facade with a thermal insulation

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Economies Free Full-Text Panic Buying and Consumption

Panic buying and hoarding behavior is a significant component of crisis- and disaster-related consumption displacement that has received considerable attention during the COVID-19 pandemic. Understanding such purchasing and stockpiling behavior provides critical information for government, disaster managers and the retail sector, as well as policy makers …

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Economies Free Full-Text Impact of Economic Freedom on

This study looks at some non-conventional determinants of economic growth, with the help of the newly developed economic freedom index datasets of the Heritage Foundation/Wall Street Journal(HF/WSJ), which is a cumulative index derived from several sub-indices (trade freedom index, financial freedom, labor freedom, business and fiscal freedom …

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Clean Technol. Free Full-Text Techno-Economic Analysis

Economic and industrial development can be gauged by knowing how much energy a country produces [].There are currently economic and environmental advantages to reducing energy dependence and the negative consequences of traditional energy sources, including gasoline, natural gas, and coal, by adopting renewable energies, including wind, …

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Social Sciences Free Full-Text Transforming the Global

The economic costs of marine plastic pollution, especially for developing countries, include the impacts on the environment, waste management systems, and local tourism, agriculture and fisheries (Barrowclough and Vivas-Eugui 2020; Schröder 2017, 2018; GAIA and Greenpeace East Asia 2019; Williams et al. 2019; WWF 2021). Many small island

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Sustainability Free Full-Text Research on Coupling

The shipping industry is an important indicator of economic development, and it is closely related to economic growth. At present, China’s economy has moved from a high-speed growth stage to a high-quality development stage. The popularization of the green shipping concept also creates higher requirements for sustainable economic development.

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The Effect of Exchange Rate Volatility on Economic Growth

The exchange rate is a key macroeconomic factor that affects international trade and the real economy of each country. The development of international trade creates conditions where volatility comes with the exchange rate. The purpose of this paper is to examine the effect of real effective exchange rate volatility on economic growth in the Central and Eastern …

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Laws Free Full-Text Digital Transformation and

Digital transformation can be defined as the integration of new technologies into all areas of a company. This technological integration will ultimately imply a need to transform traditional business models. Similarly, artificial intelligence has been one of the most disruptive technologies of recent decades, with a high potential impact on business and people.

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